Amsterdam is a cool city with plenty to do, many attractions, and a thriving entertainment scene. Amsterdam's relaxed tolerance makes it an unusual European city.
The main tourist area of is the city centre around Central Station which is more or less what Amsterdam was like in 1850. The area made up of 90 islands, linked by some 400 bridges and horseshoe shaped. The main feature is a concentric canal ring. Five major canals surround the old city; the Singel, the Herengracht, the Keizersgracht, the Prinsengracht, and the Singelgracht. The main roads being Nassaukade, Stadhouderskade, and Mauritskade. Amsterdam was the main trading city of Europe in the 1600's and goods were stored in warehouses many of which are now used for living or offices.
The traditional history of Amsterdam still exists though and that is displayed in he architecture, medieval churches, museums and galleries that are all around the city. It is a haven for the arts. with Rembrandt being it's favorite son.
The land and sea blend beautifully in Amsterdam, as it is located at the mouth of the River IJ and is 20km from the North Sea coast. Canals snake their way through the city which gives another means of getting around with canal cruising being very popular.