UK eGuide Kindle
Car hire


The formations at Cappadocia are perfectly natural though and were formed as a result of the volcanic activity in the region which ended about 2 million years ago. There are many different shaped formations in Cappadocia , but the most famous, the fairy chimneys, are formed when a thick layer of softer rock called tuff (which is volcanic ash) holds a cap of harder rock on top. The tuff erodes throughout the centuries as a result of wind and rain to the point where all that remains is a pillar or chimney-like shape with the cap of harder rock sitting on top.


Although Cappadocia is one of the world's top natural attractions, what also attracts tourists to this part of Turkey is man's influence on these volcanic rocks. In and around the town of Goreme, civilisations have been manipulating the rock formations for thousands of years and the best place to see the evidence of this is in the Goreme Open Air Museum . Here you'll find caves, homes and churches which have all been carved out of the soft volcanic rock. And if you're staying in the area overnight you can even stay in an authentic cave hotel!

Both the natural beauty and the cultural heritage of Cappadocia and Goreme were recognised when the Goreme National Park was formed and in 1985 the national park and the rock formations were approved as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Cappadocia and Goreme is a popular tourist attraction and so the area is well linked with the rest of Turkey . The nearest major city is called Kayseri , about an hour's drive away, and this city is linked with both Ankara and Istanbul via train, bus and air. From Kayseri you can take a bus to Goreme.

back to top