Pafos is located on the south west of Cyprus Island. It lies on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea . The town was the ancient capital of Cyprus which houses the Temple of Aphrodite. Although the roman emperor rebuilt the city extensively after an earthquake in 100 BC, it deteriorated in importance after being ravished by a large earthquake in the 4th century. The town only returned to significance in the 20 th century when it was linked with better roads.
Known by the Greek as Lemesos, the city lies in the southern region of the Cyprus Island fringing the Akrotiri bay. The city also represents the major manufacturing centre of Cyprus where wines, beers, tobacco products are manufactured for export. Kolossi Castle 's ruins, where it was reputed that King Richard the Lion Hearted honeymooned here, is to the west of this city. Nearby is also the ruin of an 11 th century Mycenaean settlement. The city also contains the chapel where King Richard and Berengaria were married.