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Madagascar Travel

Madagascar is a large country occupying a large island located in the Indian Ocean. The island of Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world. The country is well known for its exports of pepper and vanilla. It is also well known for its large population of lemurs.


Perhaps the most visited location in Madagascar is the Royal Hill of Ambohimanga. Ambohimanga is an archeological site and the location of a vast ruined city. The ruined city has many burial sites and other assorted sacred places. The Malagasy people, a tribe in Madagascar, consider this site to be very significant religiously as well as historically, and they have revered the site for the past 500 years. The Royal Hill of Ambohimanga is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Madagascar Travel


Given that Madagascar is an island it is only possible to arrive by plane or boat. If traveling from Europe, the most reliable connection is from Paris, France using either Air France or Air Madagascar. Air Madagascar also flies out of Milan Italy and arrives at Antananarivo and also at Nosy Be, which is a small island off the North of Madagascar.

If traveling by boat, the only regular link is from Toamasina on the East coast and Mauritius. However, the government of Madagascar is very serious about the health of its citizens, and given this fact, even the vaguest threat of communicable diseases will cause the port to be shut.



The climate of Madagascar is largely controlled by trade winds blowing in from the southeast, originating in the Indian Ocean. There are basically only two types of season in Madagascar: hot and rainy; and a cool dry season. The hot and rainy season runs from November to April while the cooler season runs from about May to October. There can be great variations in the climate due to the elevation and position relative to the dominant trade winds. The east coast of Madagascar is a subequatorial and since it is exposed the most to the trade winds has the heaviest rainfall in the country: the average rainfall in this region can be as much as 3.5 meters annually. The east coast of Madagascar is notorious for its hot and humid climate and tropical fevers are endemic. There are also high occurrences of destructive cyclones that occur during the annual rainy season. Because of the high mountain ranges most of the moisture is discharged before getting to the highlands which makes them drier than the rest of the country. Thunderstorms are frequent occurrences in the central highlands during the rainy period.


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