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Nicaragua Travel

Land of the tropical forests, volcanoes, lakes and endless miles of coastline, this Central American country, bordered by Honduras in the north and Costa Rica in the South, has little tourist infrastructure, even though it has been a peaceful democracy for over a decade.

The capital, Managua, sitting on the aptly named Lake Managua , was badly damaged in the series of earthquakes; the last one in 1972 destroyed the city center, and even though it is overcrowded and there are some unsigned boulevards and uninspired modern monoliths, its inhabitants love it with proud ferocity. And for a reason, because Managua city, despite many faults, has much to offer. For those wanting to learn more about Nicaragua 's history, there's National Museum, which is inside of the National Palace . The National Palace was built by President Juan Bautista Sacasa in 1935 and it was government office for over 50 years. Taken by Sandinistas during the revolution, today it serves several purposes; it houses the National Library, the National Archive and the National Museum.
One of the oldest Spanish colonies in Central America , León Viejo was destroyed by earthquake, after which its inhabitants moved the city. The site has huge archaeological potential. The new city of León used to be the capital until 1855 and it is still a cultural center of Nicaragua . The city center kept much of what it used to be; there are many Spanish colonial buildings, including the cathedral and birth-house of Rubén Darío, the poet.

Apoyo Lagoon, actually a volcano crater filled with crystal blue water besides swimming offers many other water activities, like kayaking and diving. Hiking through the forest surrounding the lagoon is also possible, and the view from atop is fantastic.

Lake Nicaragua, the second biggest lake in Latin America used to be part of the Pacific Ocean , which is why its freshwater contains fish like sharks and tuna that have adjusted to the change. Set on Lake Nicaragua's coast Granada , picturesque city with colonial, brightly painted buildings and town square anchored by beautiful Granada cathedral, never fades in memories those who have visited it. Another interesting thing related to the lake is Ometepe Island , the biggest island in this lake with two volcanoes rising from its surface.

With inexpensive hotels, funky town of San Juan del Sur is perfect for backpackers and surfers.

USA and Latin American tourists can choose between getting there by plane, by bus or by a private vehicle. Tourists coming from overseas can come by airplane to Managua , and than rent a car, hire a taxi or use public transport to get around. Taxis are not metered and fares should be agreed on before getting in. Fares double after dark and it is not advisable to get into cab that has more than one person in it.

Being so close to the equator, Nicaragua is hot throughout the year, with temperatures staying between 30°C (86°F) and 34°C (93°F). Temperatures are slightly lower in December, January and during the rainy season – October is the wettest month.

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